Other names: Poke, Pokeberry, Pigeonberry, Inkberry, Bear's Grape, Cancer Root
Mean fruit diameter: 8.93 mm (n=245); mean number of seeds per fruit: 9.29 (n=185), based on samples collected at the Rouge River Bird Observatory, Dearborn, MI.
Seeds present in bird fecal samples at the Rouge River Bird Observatory, Dearborn, MI.
- Species profile at USDA Plants Database
- Michigan Flora online species profile
- University of Wisconsin-Steven Point Robert. W. Freckmann herbarium species profile
- Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center species profile
- Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of Illinois species profile
- Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Invasive.org species profile
* Listed as invasive in natural areas by the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States.
(Numbers in photo captions are photo credits, listed in the "Photo Credits" tab at the top of the page)